«Daleko na Wschodze», Gosc Niedzielny Polish Magazine’s story about Yakutia

In the previous post «Welcome to Yakutia Photo Exhibition at Warsaw University, Jan. 25 – Feb. 5, 2010» I have already written about Polish students, Agata Fedotov and Lukasz Grajewski, whose photographs are currently displayed in the exhibition «The Sakha Republic Photographic Guide» at Warsaw University Library till this Friday. So… hurry up!

Here is another good news from Warsaw. Lukasz Grajewski published his own story «Daleko na Wschodze» in the popular Polish weekly magazine «Gosc Niedzielny» with 140,000 copies circulation. As he says, of course, the story is dedicated to Yakutia. It is based on materials he gathered in the course of his journey across Yakutia in August 2009.

The article is written in Polish, certainly. That’s really great. However, my Polish is not good at all. I can’t understand either, what it is written. Hope, someone will help me to translate it into English.

To read the whole story, click on the above picture and the full scan copy (thanks Lukasz for emailing it) will be open. Enjoy!

One Comment on “«Daleko na Wschodze», Gosc Niedzielny Polish Magazine’s story about Yakutia

  1. Lukasz has sent me the link to the online version of his article. Here it is http://www.goscniedzielny.wiara.pl/wydruk.php?grupa=6&art=1264974821&dzi=1207812935&katg=

    Here is the translation from Translate.Google.com:

    By Luke Grajewski, a student at Warsaw University

    Yurt Bakery in Czertiochu Edward L. photo GrajewskiMieszkańcy Yakutia laughed, hearing the commotion caused in Poland kilkunastostopniowym frost. The earth here is frozen even in summer.

    Yakutia is the largest republic as part of the Russian Federation. Surface is equal to Brazil. This enormous area of nearly one million people live. This is subject to extreme climatic conditions. Oymyakon, a village located in the east of the republic is called, not without reason, cold pole. The lowest temperature recorded in Ojmiakonie was -72.2 degrees Celsius. Temperature at -40 degrees is normal here. And winter lasts up to 9 months!

    The rapid rate of travel

    Here the rules set Siberian nature. The vast majority of land on the phenomenon of permafrost. Year-round glacier land hinders the development of this area. The degree of permafrost changes with the seasons, which causes the tectonic plates. The buildings are placed on a system of concrete piles, which protect them from collapse. The straight road is not speech — says Piotr Zabolodnik, an employee of the Institute permafrost in Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. It’s almost 300-thousand inhabitants is one of the few roads with asphalt.

    Because in Yakutia dominated tracts of the slaughter of gravel and stones. Traffic is maintained in both directions along the same lane, wyjeżdżonym by big brands Kamaz trucks. Passing on the narrow stony road, and clouds of dust demonstrates mastery Siberian drivers. Improving the conditions come together with the slowdown — wyjeżdżone ruts in the snow provide efficient travel, and the additional advantage is the possibility of crossing over the girl. That one of the longest rivers in the world has not yet been tamed by any bridge. Blooms in summer ferry transportation here, and in winter the driver passes through a thick layer of ice, which covers the River.

    Everyday Life

    Both Yakuts, indigenous people, and came here the Russians are adapting to the harsh climate. But they are not completely immune to frost accompanying almost all year round. Recently jakuccy officials in order to introduce laws to protect young babies against colds. When the temperature drops to -45 degrees Celsius, are free pierwszaki from -50 — students of all classes.

    — Frost, who envelops Yakutsk, creates a fog, limiting visibility to a few meters — says Michal Ksiazek, researchers Yakutia. — These are ideal conditions for the thieves, who also appear, grab a bag or hat to disappear after a few seconds the mist. And how can you then look for the thief, when every passerby is hidden under a thick layer of clothing. Until recently, the only force on the streets of clothing color was black — he adds. Dry and windless climate is not conducive to hiking, so most Yakuts remain in their homes, what they can bleed. Around the city facilitates communication, which fortunately is resistant to even the dead of winter.

    Yakuts activate during the summer. Girls instinctively sense that the time to present their charms are few. Therefore, the time the holiday is for them an opportunity to present the latest, most sparse clothing. In completing the appropriate attire helps to close the border with China, where counterfeit goods amounts to the latest European collections. Amazing is the popularity of beauty contests, which in July and August are organized over a dozen, and perhaps a few dozen. As claimed by many observers of social life in Yakutia, women dominate in many areas, such as universities. Domain, while most men is a nightmare of alcoholism. The All-the problem is specific to the remote Siberian history. Yakuts, who for centuries led lives of farmers and hunters, they can not find in a modern reality. Drowning sorrows in vodka, which was before the advent of the Russians on their territory is not known. Organisms peoples of Siberia, because diet based exclusively on meat and fish, rather rapidly react to cereals, which in the case of vodka usually ends up a total state of intoxication. Drunkenness is a problem here of not less than permafrost.

    History of the exiles
    Because of the extreme conditions of Siberia, Yakutia and therefore, was a favorite place of Tsarist exile. Since colonization of the Far East in the sixteenth century, Russian Tsar criminals caused it to land of eternal winter. After the disaster of uprisings in the nineteenth century, to Siberia as they herded thousands of Poles. Prisoners staying in exile, despite some restrictions on freedom, they could contact the local peoples. For the prisoners it was primarily an opportunity for the turbulent romance with Jakutkami, Ewenkami or Buriatkami. Some of them devoted to the test, which enrolled a golden syllables in the history of the region. Yakuts today remember the great explorers and zesłańcach Edward baking and Wenceslas Sieroszewski. To complete the first jakucko-Russian dictionary, Piekarski extended stay in Siberia for 10 years. Sieroszewski the monumental work «12 years in the country Yakuts» wonderfully depicted world jakuckiego people, their culture and traditions.

    Another wave of exiles started in the 20 the last century. The Soviet regime created a system of forced labor camps, which gave the name of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn «The Gulag Archipelago.» Estimates by historians speak of the tens of millions who died while working in the camps. In the Far East had a bad reputation zwaszcza camps near the Kolyma River, where the deportation was tantamount to a death sentence. Kolyma road construction began in 1932, She had a call from Yakutsk Magadan port. Absorbed many of the victims, as evidenced by its present name, given by the people — «The Road of bones». Among the victims were also Poles. Interestingly, the route was officially opened in 2008, They came to the ceremony, Vladimir Putin, a builder winszując the occasion of the work, did not mention a word about a criminal regime in the camps. To this day, in the Sakha Republic are living descendants of exiles — Belarusians, Ukrainians and Poles. In an abandoned village near Ust-Nery, a city in eastern Yakutia, Olga Boyko lives. Ukrainian greets us in Polish, — Praised be Jesus Christ. Yakutia to hit in the 60s, in search of her fiance was sent to a gulag for alleged collaboration with the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. I never thought about leaving the Sakha Republic. — 50 years living here, got used to it. And winter is not afraid — he says. Polish frost 70-year-old Mrs. Olga probably not even noticed.

    Author visited the Sakha Republic in August 2009, the expedition organized by Foundation for Assistance to Poles in the East «and Polonia Yakutsk to reach out to the descendants of Polish exiles and documenting Soviet labor camps in Yakutia. Photos from the expedition will be shown at the Warsaw University Library from 25 January to 6 February. Patron of the exhibition is «Guest Sunday.

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